A fatal invasive Scedosporium apiospermum pulmonary infection in an adult patient with malignant lung adenocarcinoma

Document Type : Case report

Authors

1 Department of Mycology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

2 Department of Mycology, Eskisehir City Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey

3 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Scedosporium apiospermum complex as a ubiquitous environmental mold is increasingly reported to cause an invasive fungal infection in immunosuppressive hosts. Herein, we present the case of an immunosuppressive 54-year-old man who developed S. apiospermum complex lung infection and pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
Case report: The patient had some complaints of dyspnea and cough during a neutropenic episode. The computed tomography (CT) scan of the patient revealed pleural effusion. After culturing the pleural fluid sample, the fungus was identified by microscopic examination and ITS sequencing. In addition, antifungal susceptibility testing was performed using the M38-A2 microdilution method. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of amphotericin B, voriconazole, posaconazole, and caspofungin were obtained as > 64, 0.06, 0.06, and 0.03 μg/mL, respectively. Voriconazole (administered in two doses of 6 mg/kg and a maximum of 250 mg) was preferred for treatment. The patient received antifungal treatment for 2 months; however, he was lost to follow-up.
Conclusion: Scedosporium apiospermum complex should be considered a cause of systemic fungal infections in neutropenic patients. Furthermore, the determination of the in vitro antifungal susceptibilities of clinical strains may contribute to the development of therapeutic approaches.
 

Keywords