Coinfection of disseminated cryptococcosis and BK Virus, a casualty of missed diagnosis during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A case report and review of the literature

Document Type : Case report

Authors

1 Laboratory of Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Brazil

2 Postgraduate Student of Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Brazil

3 Clinical Analysis Laboratory, Dr. Miguel Riet Correa University Hospital, Rio Grande, Brazil

4 Specialized Care Service in Infectious Diseases, Dr. Miguel Riet Correa University Hospital, Rio Grande, Brazil

5 Laboratory Diagnostic Service, Microbiology Unit, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil

6 California Institute for Medical Research, San Jose, and Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA

10.18502/cmm.7.3.7802

Abstract

Background and Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in an overload of health services and healthcare professionals. The result is a setback in health promotion and prevention, delays in diagnosis, and deaths from other diseases that are currently receiving inadequate attention. This article illustrates the risk of this negligence.
Case report: This study aimed to report a case of coinfection of disseminated cryptococcosis and BK virus in a patient without a previous diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus infection and COVID-19 negative in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite receiving antifungal therapy, the patient died.
Conclusion: This fatal case is a warning regarding delay of diagnosis and neglect ofother serious illnesses owing to the current pandemic, including fungal diseases and neglected diagnoses.
 

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